Monthly Archives: December 2013

Prime Minister’s Questions: 18 December 2013


Looking back at Abe Cabinet 2013_kanteijp

A official video reviewing of Abe Cabinet Cabinet.

安倍内閣発足1周年-平成25年12月26日 – YouTube
you may find the following keywords:

economy, abenomics, restoration, national security strategy, Japan’s international contributions (PKO and self-defense force), global diplomacy(not ASIAN!!)

* It is interesting that Abe had top-level summits with over 150 countries’ leaders, except China and South Korean…
* In 2013, Abe visited 25 counties, just flying around China, from Russia to south Asian.

—–very productive year for Abe Team,

but it did not mention its big neighbor either yesterday’s visiting at all.

you find no “China” in this official video.

Debating on leadership selectorate_how should we choose a party leader?

Politics at the Centre: the selection and removal of party leaders in the Anglo Parliamentary Democracies,
*William Cross
*Andre Blais
Oxford University Press.2012. Page 168-171

Rational of focusing on the leadership selection:

We began this book with the twin observation that political parties operate at the center of modern democracies, and that their leaders exercise considerable authority over political affairs both within and outside the party.
We have argued that given this centrality of party leaders in public decision-making, it is important to consider how they are elected, and, how, and to whom, they are held to account.

Rational of broadening party leadership selectorate

① Anti-elite

Elite control of the leadership selection process is perceived to be ‘anti-democratic’
greater democratization of the selectorates

② Strategy to attract new members

The leadership campaign is an opportunity for the party to revitalize by attracting new members, and that the participation of large numbers of voters gives the leader greater legitimacy and a broader mandate

③ Prevention of declining membership

Parties have an interest in building an activist core. Declining rates of voter turnout in many countries make these local, priming activities all the more important. Parties also benefit from large membership through claims that this provides them with greater legitimacy and strengthens their ties with civil society.
(Seyd, 1999) One of the reasons their numbers are in declining is because of a sense on the part of partisans that there is little meaningful power granted to rank-and-file members. (Cross and Yong, 2008) They increasingly view parties as elite dominated. Including members in the choice of the leader provides them with influence over one of the party’s most important decisions may provide an important incentive to membership.

Rational of Limitations on the size of selectorate

① Professional and effective judgment

It is the parliamentary who are best to judge the relative merits of would-be of the principal tasks of the leader is to direct the party in parliament and that it is crucial that she has the support of the parliamentary caucus to do so effectively. The MPs are best situated to judge the candidates’ abilities to lead the party in election campaigns. It is in the party’s interest to place the selection authority with those who have a strong personal incentive to choose an electorally successful leader. 

(But is it for party’s interests or for the people?)

② Threatens the integrity of the party

It undercuts the integrity of the party. It places brand new recruits, with no history of party activism, on equal footing with longtime activities who have an ongoing commitment to the party’s well-being. This has led to charges of the leadership being decided by ‘tourists’ to the party.

*Seyd,Partrick 1999. “New Parties/New Politics? A Case Study of the British Labor Party” Party Politics 5 (3), pp383-405

*Cross, William & Lisa Yong. 2008. “Factors Influencing the Decision of Young Political Engaged to Join a Political Party: A Investigation of the Canadian Case”, Party Politics 14 (3), pp. 345-69.

PM’s love theme_love actually 2003

the music from my favorite scene “Sam runs after Joanna at the airport ” in the movie “Love Actually (2003) “.
This is the OST when Sam runs in the Heath-row airport.

The little boy is running after her little girl, who is on her way back to New York.
Would she stay in London? What will happen?

It does not matter at all.

Because it is just about love.

Merry Christmas.

electoral system does not decide all_when shall we embrace a two-party system

So, the British premiership system can easily be destroyed while, on the other hand, is not easily obtainable. Remember, on this score, that according to my laws on the effects of electoral systems plurality elections cannot produce a two-party system unless the incorrigible third party electors happen to be dispersed nation-wide at below-plurality levels – indeed a hard condition to meet. Therefore any country who adopts a single-member district system, on the argument that a premiership system of government would follow, may be seriously disappointed. Remember, also, that the winner-take-all system is inadvisable when a polity is polarized and/or characterized by a heterogeneous political culture.

page 104

Comparative Constitutional Engineering: An Inquiry into Structures, Incentives and Outcomes

2nd Edition Giovanni Sartori (1997)

Macmillan Press Ltd.

assessing electoral system_ a code on Japan_ Giovanni Sartori_ 1993

Giovanni Sartori on Japan’s SNTV

The complications that have complicated the understanding of Japan’s case do not reside in its electoral system, but – I submit- in the Japanese party system and in the manner in which its predominant protagonist (the LDP) has carved its way into an SNTV arrangement. To wit, in order to attain and maintain its absolute majority of parliamentary seats the LDP has had to win for itself an average of two seats out of every four. In principle, SNTV is supposed to hurt large parties and to favor medium-sized ones. In part this intention is accomplished. Assuming a four-member constituency (the average size), the vote cost of the last winner, the fourth one, ranges at the 20 percent level (and can descend to 15 percent in the five-member constituencies). But the aforesaid intent is largely overcome by the LDP’s ability in avoiding two miscalculations, respectively, over-nomination (presenting too many candidates that are all defeated) and under-nomination (wasting too many voters on a single candidate). This exploitation of the electoral system brings about very negative side-effects, for the arrangement prompts  a candidate-centered competition, that is , bitter infighting among candidates of the same party, and thus a very high degree of intra-party divisiveness. This is tantamount to saying  that the LDP obtains a highly fractionalized and factionalized structure:  it is less a party with factions and more a party of factions. Indeed, the very financing of politics- which has become enormously expensive– is almost entirely channeled with the factions and directly to the incumbents.

While the Japanese electoral system did not require, I believe, the tortuous explanations provided in the literature, still it has evolved in a manner that serves no purpose and that engenders more drawbacks than advantages. The Japanese were well advised to drop it. Whether their new electoral system is a wise one is, however, a different matter.

page 23-24.

Comparative Constitutional Engineering: An Inquiry into Structures, Incentives and Outcomes 

2nd Edition  Giovanni Sartori (1997)

Macmillan Press Ltd.

when the King-maker,shadow shogun of Japan came to town_Ozawa Ichiro

when the King-maker,shadow shogun of Japan came to town_Ozawa Ichiro