节选自japan decides 2012
Candidate recruitment (Daniel & Smith, 2013)
The open recruitment process in the LDP did not prevent the continued practice of legacy politics in candidate selection, which has been a serial problem for the party since the 1980s [市川, １９９０] (Ishibashi & Reed, 1992) (Taniguchi, 2008) [稲井田, ２００９] [上杉, ２００９] [Smith, 2012].
Between 30 and 40 percent of all LDP candidates in recent elections have been “legacy” (nisei) candidates, meaning that they are related by blood or marriage to a previous Diet member.
About 60 percent of these legacy candidates can be considered “hereditary” (seshuu) candidates, since they directly succeeded their relative into candidacy in the same district.
In both 2009 and 2012, the DPJ includes a prohibition on new hereditary candidates in its party manifesto in order to exploit this perceived weakness in the LDP.
In 2009, the LDP made similar overtures but faced internal resistance from its members (many of whom had sons serving as their personal secretaries). In the end, it gave the official nomination to only two new hereditary candidates, including Shinjirou Koizumi, but denied it to others. In 2012, the party tried to shield itself from the criticism of nepotism with its requirement that all new candidates, including hereditary candidates, be required to compete in an open recruitment contest. However, this did not prove to be a difficult hurdle to overcome for several aspiring hereditary candidates.
所以我反对smith从candidate recruitment来解决世袭优势的问题。 就如同他自己也提到了， “However, this did not prove to be a difficult hurdle to overcome for several aspiring hereditary candidates.”